Academic Studies

This page offers a select bibliography which I hope will not only be useful to scholars but may also spark interest among non-specialists. I especially recommend the section on Atlantic Slavery, which offers a short collection of very readable books of very high quality.

Classic Studies in Ancient and Medieval Slavery

  • Marc Bloch, Slavery and Serfdom in the Middle Ages: Selected Essays (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975).
  • Moses I. Finley, Ancient Slavery and Modern Ideology (New York: Viking Press, 1980).
  • Kyle Harper, Slavery in the Late Roman World, AD 275–425 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).
  • Keith Hopkins, Conquerors and Slaves, Sociological Studies in Roman History 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).
  • Orlando Patterson, Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982).
  • Charles Verlinden, L’Esclavage dans l’Europe médiéval, 2 vols. (vol. 1. Bruges: De Tempel, 1955; vol. 2. Gent: Rijksuniversiteit te Gent, 1977).

Readings in Medieval Slavery: Monographs

  • Stefan Brink, Vikingarnas slavar. Den nordiska träldomen under yngre järnålder och äldsta medeltid (Stockholm: Atlantis, 2012). (Swedish)
  • Laura Culbertson, ed., Slaves and Households in the Near East, Oriental Institute Seminars 7 (Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2011).
  • Allen J. Frantzen and Douglas Moffat, eds., The Work of Work: Servitude, Slavery, and Labor in Medieval England (Glasgow: Cruithne Press, 1994).
  • Matthew S. Gordon, The Breaking of a Thousand Swords: A History of the Turkish Military of Samarra (A.H. 200–275/815–889 C.E.) (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001).
  • Dick Harrison, Slaveri. En världshistoria om ofrihet. Forntiden till renässansen (Lund: Historiska Media, 2006). (Swedish)
  • Per Hernæs and Tore Iversen, eds., Slavery Across Time and Space: Studies in Slavery in Medieval Europe and Africa, Trondheim Studies in History 38 (Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2002).
  • Ruth Mazo Karras, Slavery and Society in Medieval Scandinavia (New Haven: Yale, 1988).
  • David A.E. Pelteret, Slavery in Early Mediaeval England: From the Reign of Alfred until the Twelfth Century, Studies in Anglo-Saxon History (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1995).
  • Mats Roslund, Guests in the House: Cultural Transmission between Slavs and Scandinavians 900 to 1300 AD, trans. Alan Crozier (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2007).
  • David Wyatt, Slaves and Warriors in Medieval Britain and Ireland, 800–1200, The Northern World 45 (Leiden: Brill, 2009).

Readings in Medieval Slavery: Articles

  • J. Alexander, “Islam, Archaeology and Slavery in Africa,” World Archaeology 33 (2001), 44–60.
  • ‘Athamina, Khalil, “How did Islam Contribute to Change the Legal Status of Women: The Case of the Jawārī, or the Female Slaves,” Al-Qanṭara: Revista de estudios árabes 28.2 (2007), 383–408.
  • Stephen P. Bensch, “From Prizes of War to Domestic Merchandise: The Changing Face of Slavery in Catalonia and Aragon,” Viator 25 (1994): 63–93.
  • Erik I. Bromberg,  “Wales and the Medieval Slave Trade,” Speculum 17 (1942): 263–69.
  • Jean-Pierre Devroey, “Men and Women in Early Medieval Serfdom: The Ninth-Century North Frankish Evidence,” Past and Present 166 (2000): 3–30.
  • Jeffrey Fynn-Paul, “Empire, Monotheism and Slavery in the Greater Mediterranean Region from Antiquity to the Early Modern Era,” Past and Present 205 (2009): 3–40.
  • John Gillingham, “Women, Children and the Profits of War,” in Janet L. Nelson, Susan Reynolds and Susan M. Johns, eds., Gender and Historiography: Studies in the Earlier Middle Ages in Honour of Pauline Stafford (London: Institute of Historical Research, 2012), 61–74.
  • John Gillingham, “Christian Warriors and the Enslavement of Fellow Christians,” in Martin Aurell and Catalina Girbea, eds., Chevalerie et christianisme aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles (Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2011), 237–56.
  • Hans-Werner Goetz, “Serfdom and the Beginnings of a ‘Seigneurial System’ in the Carolingian Period: A Survey of the Evidence,” Early Medieval Europe 2.1 (1993): 29–51.
  • Anne Haour, “The Early Medieval Slave Trade of the Central Sahel: Archaeological and Historical Considerations,” Proceedings of the British Academy 168 (2011), 61–78.
  • Joachim Henning, “Slavery or Freedom? The Causes of Early Medieval Europe’s Economic Advancement,” Early Medieval Europe 12.3 (2003): 269–77.
  • Poul Holm, “The Slave Trade of Dublin, Ninth to Twelfth Centuries,” Peritia 5 (1986): 317–45.
  • Keith Hopkins, “Novel Evidence for Roman Slavery,” Past and Present 138 (1993): 3–27.
  • Michael McCormick, “New Light on the ‘Dark Ages’: How the Slave Trade Fuelled the Carolingian Economy,” Past and Present 177 (2002): 17–54.
  • Elise Naumann, Maja Krzewińska, Anders Götherström, Gunilla Eriksson, “Slaves as Burial Gifts in Viking Age Norway? Evidence from Stable Isotope and Ancient DNA Analyses,” Journal of Archaeological Science 41 (2014), 533–40.
  • David Pelteret, “The Image of the Slave in Some Anglo-Saxon and Norse Sources,” Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 23.2 (2002), 75–88.
  • Klavs Randsborg, “The Study of Slavery in Northern Europe: An Archaeological Approach,” Acta Archaeologica 55 (1984), 155–60.
  • Alice Rio, “Freedom and Unfreedom in Early Medieval Francia: The Evidence of the Legal Formulae,” Past and Present 193 (2006): 7–40.
  • Margaret Clunies Ross, “Concubinage in Anglo-Saxon England,” Past and Present 108 (1985): 3–34.
  • Everett Rowson, “The Traffic in Boys: Slavery and Homoerotic Liaisons in Elite ‘Abbāsid Society,” Middle Eastern Literatures 11.2 (2008), 193–204.
  • D. Fairchild Ruggles, “Mothers of a Hybrid Dynasty: Race, Genealogy, and Acculturation in al-Andalus,” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 34 (2004): 65–94.
  • Susan Mosher Stuard, “Ancillary Evidence for the Decline of Medieval Slavery,” Past and Present 149 (1995): 3–28.
  • David Wyatt, “The Significance of Slavery: Alternative Approaches to Anglo-Saxon Slavery,” Anglo-Norman Studies 23 (2000): 327–47.
  • David Wyatt, “Slavery,” in Clifford J. Rogers, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, 3 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), 3:274–75.

Ongoing Research in Medieval Slavery

  • Dirhams for Slaves: Dirham hoards from Northern Europe, trade in Slavic slaves, and the emergence of Medieval Europe (800-1000) (University of Oxford)
  • The Viking Phenomenon: A Ten-year Research Project for the Distinguished Professor Programme, Vetenskapsrådet, 2016–25 (University of Uppsala [pdf])

Readings in the Atlantic Slave Trade

  • John Demos, The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America (New York: Vintage Books 1995). [Google] [Goodreads] [Amazon]
  • David Eltis, The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000). [Google] [Goodreads] [Amazon]
  • Robert Harms, The Diligent: A Voyage Through the Worlds of the Slave Trade (New York: Basic Books, 2002). [Google] [Goodreads] [Amazon]
  • Stephanie E. Smallwood, Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007). [Google] [Goodreads] [Amazon]
  • John Thornton, Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400–1800, 2nd edn. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998 [1992]). [Google] [Goodreads] [Amazon]